Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 people (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of much more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan region, also recognized as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is element of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan region is the 11th biggest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.73 million people as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the biggest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), much more than twice the size of Tucson and one particular of the biggest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. In spite of this, its canal program led to a thriving farming community with the authentic settler’s crops remaining essential components of the Phoenix economic system for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were recognized locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic system. These remained the driving forces of the city right up until following Globe War II, when large-tech organizations began to move into the valley and air conditioning manufactured Phoenix’s hot summers much more bearable.
The city averaged a four percent annual population growth charge above a 40–year time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth charge slowed during the Excellent Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.